Sinus lifting is required when the height of the bone is note enough in the upper jaw (premolar, molar area), for the bone implantation. In this case, during the surgery the mucosa of he maxillary sinus can be raised with graft material.
Sinus lift is a great solution for those who has bone loss in the upper jaw area or dental implantation cannot take place because the sinuses are too close to the jaw. It usually advised to have for those patients who has not got enough bone in the upper jaw, when teeth are missing for a long time or the maxillary sinus is too close to the jaw for dental implants to be placed. To be a candidate for dental implants, a patient must have sufficient bone in the maxillary and mandibular alveoli for structural posts. Unfortunately, after a prolonged period of being edentulous, the alveolar ridge that once supported the teeth becomes atrophic and sufficient bone may not be present for implants. In these cases the aim is to increase bone quantity. During the procedure the doctor cuts the gum tissue near premolars or molars. A small, oval window is opened in the bone exposed.
To increase the amount of bone in the maxilla, the sinus lift procedure, or subantral augmentation, has been developed. This surgery adds bone to your upper jaw in the area of your molars and premolars to raise them. The procedure involves placing bone-graft material in the maxillary sinus to increase the height and width of the alveolus. The incision is stitched and closed. A sinus lift usually is done by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon or a periodontist.
There are two possible treatment types, either performing the dental implantation together with sinus lift, in this case the healing time is 8 months or first the sinus lift is done and 6 months later the dental implantation will take place which again has to heal for another 4 months. The type of treatment is decided by the specialist after personal consultation.
You should expect some swelling and soreness following your sinus surgery. These will usually abate after a few days and you should only need non-prescription pain relief.
During this time you will need to avoid sneezing and blowing your nose which could dislodge the graft material.